General Skilled Migration (GSM)
General Skilled Migration (GSM) Subclass 189, 190 and 489 visas
The Australian General Skilled Migration Program (GSM) is implemented though a partnership between the Australian government and the industry and it’s designed for professionals who have skills in a particular occupation required in Australia.
The applications through the General Skilled Migration program can be independent, or with sponsorship by a relative or nomination by an Australian state or territory government.
There have been major changes recently in the Australian skilled migration program with the introduction of the SkillSelect Program from 1 July 2012.
SkillSelect changes the way prospective visa holders seek to migrate to Australia. Instead of applying for a visa, people submit an online Expression of Interest (EOI). The expression of interest (EOI) includes information on the applicant’s personal details, English language skills, occupation and skills assessment, work or business and investment experience. An Expression of interest is not a visa application. On the basis of the EOI qualifying applicants may be invited to submit an Australian visa application.
If such an invitation is received, than the applicant has 60 days to submit a visa application with all the required documents, or the invitation might be revoked.
To make an application for the point based skilled migration to Australia you must satisfy the following requirements:
Invitation to apply: You can only apply for a visa if you have been invited to do so by the Department of Immigration and Citizenshipfollowing your Expression of Interest. You are to lodge your application no later than 60 days after you receive your invitation, or the invitation will lapse, and there is no guarantee that you will be issued an invitation in the future.
Age: You must be under the age of 50.
English language: The minimum requirement is competent English ( for example: ielts 6 in each section) and you need to provide it before submitting EOI.
Nominated occupation: When you lodge your application you nominate an occupation which fits your qualifications. The nominated occupation must be listed on Australia’s Skilled Occupation List. You must provide details of a Skills Assessment relating to your nominated occupation in your EOI.
EOI score. Your EOI is ranked and points are awarded based on the claims you make about your skills, experience &attributes. If you receive an invitation, your visa application will be assessed against the point system. In order to be granted an Australian visa you will have to meet the pass mark which is currently set at 60 points but is subject to changes according to the Australian labour market needs.
Before you can submit your EOI, you must have had your skills assessed as suitable for your occupation by an assessing authority.
The criteria for skills assessment varies according to the occupation you have nominated. In most cases, the skills assessment will be based on the applicant’s qualifications and work experience, but in some cases English language proficiency and formal examinations are also required.
The following visa subclasses are available under the SkillSelect program, and they will be the only way to be able to apply through the GSM in Australia after 1 January 2013:
Skilled Independent Subclass 189
Skilled Nominated Subclass 190
Skilled Regional Nominated or Sponsored Subclass 489
Skilled Independent visa (Subclass 189) applicants are required to obtain a minimum of 60 points on a point assessment. The assessment is such that .applicants are required to be under 50 years of age and be able demonstrate that they have a qualification and/or skills in an occupation on the Skilled Occupation List (SOL). Applicants for the Skilled Independent visa (Subclass 189) do not require sponsorship
Australian Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189) Basic Requirements
.To qualify for a Skilled visa, applicants (or their partner) must be able to satisfy the basic visa requirements related to age, English language ability, occupation, skills, qualification, health and character
.In addition, applicants for a Skilled visa must also pass a points test. Points can be claimed in areas related to age, English language ability, specific work experience, spouse skills and other bonus categories
.The current pass mark for the Skilled Independent visa (Subclass 189) is 60 points
On 1 July 2012, the skilled migration program switched to a new online system called "SkillSelect" which will require prospective skilled migrants to submit an Expression of Interest (EOI). Once an EOI is submitted, these details can be viewed by Australian employers, state and territory governments and by the Australian Government who have the ability to extend an invitation to lodge a visa application
There is no guarantee that submitting an EOI will result in an invitation to apply for a visa. .If an invitation is received, there will be a prescribed timeframe within which the visa application must then be formally lodged with DIBP
Australian Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189) Entitlements
.Successful applicants and holders of an Australian Skilled Independent visa (Subclass 189) become permanent residents of Australia. Australian permanent residents are entitled to live, work and study in Australia on a permanent basis. Additional benefits of Australian permanent residence include access to government-subsidized healthcare (Medicare), certain social security benefits and the ability to apply for Australian citizenship